[The Classic Christian Network] Jewish Studies: Israel (2of100) Wiki

Posted: April 8, 2011 in Uncategorized


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NATSZAL – The Jewish Network is not about wierd or wacky; wild or wooly, legalistic or Judaistic. It is about Jesus and studies about Him. Some studies involve discussing Jewish Culture; but this is not a Network in How to Be a Jew or a Gentile, a separatist or exclusivism. This is a Network that presents factual information as it relates to Jewish Studies.

Jewish Topical

“Israel”

(2 of 100)

TWO

WIKIPEDIA

Israel (Listeni

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ɪzriəl/Hebrewיִשְׂרָאֵל‎‎, YiśraˀelArabicإِسْرَائِيل‎, ʾIsrāʾīl), officially the State of Israel (HebrewAbout this sound מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל ,Medīnat Yisrā’elArabicدَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل‎, Dawlat ʾIsrāʾīl), is a parliamentary republic in Western Asia, located on the eastern shore of theMediterranean Sea. It borders Lebanon in the north, Syria in the northeast, Jordan and the West Bank in the east, Egypt and the Gaza Strip on the southwest, and contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area.[6][7] Israel is the world’s only Jewish-majority state,[8] and is defined as “a Jewish and democratic state” by Israeli constitutional law.[citation needed]

JNF forest in the Jerusalem hills

Israel is located at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea, bounded by Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan to the east, andEgypt to the southwest. It lies between latitudes 29° and 34° N, and longitudes 34° and 36° E.

The sovereign territory of Israel, excluding all territories captured by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War, is approximately 20,770 square kilometers (8,019 sq mi) in area, of which two percent is water.[1] The total area under Israeli law, when including East Jerusalem and theGolan Heights, is 22,072 square kilometers (8,522 sq mi),[141] and the total area under Israeli control, including the military-controlled and partially Palestinian-governed territory of the West Bank, is 27,799 square kilometers (10,733 sq mi).[142] Despite its small size, Israel is home to a variety of geographic features, from the Negev desert in the south to the mountain ranges of the GalileeCarmel and toward the Golan in the north. The Israeli Coastal Plain on the shores of the Mediterranean is home to seventy percent of the nation’s population. East of the central highlands lies the Jordan Rift Valley, which forms a small part of the 6,500-kilometer (4,039 mi) Great Rift Valley.

The Sea of Galilee, seen from Tiberias, at dusk

The Jordan River runs along the Jordan Rift Valley, from Mount Hermon through the Hulah Valleyand the Sea of Galilee to the Dead Sea, the lowest point on the surface of the Earth.[143] Further south is the Arabah, ending with the Gulf of Eilat, part of the Red Sea. Unique to Israel and the Sinai Peninsula are makhteshim, or erosion cirques.[144] The largest makhtesh in the world is Ramon Crater in the Negev,[145] which measures 40 by 8 kilometers (25 by 5 mi).[146] A report on the environmental status of the Mediterranean basin states that Israel has the largest number of plant species per square meter of all the countries in the basin.[147]

Climate

Forest around the Ein Karem village, Jerusalem.

Temperatures in Israel vary widely, especially during the winter. The more mountainous regions can be windy, cold, and sometimes snowy; Jerusalem usually receives at least one snowfall each year.[148] Meanwhile, coastal cities, such as Tel Aviv and Haifa, have a typical Mediterranean climate with cool, rainy winters and long, hot summers. The area of Beersheba and the Northern Negev has a semi-arid climate with hot summers, and cool winter but with fewer rainy than the Mediterranean climate. The Southern Negev and the Arava areas have Desert climate with very hot and dry summers, and mild winters with few days of rain. The highest temperature in the continent of Asia (53.7 °C/128.7 °F) was recorded in 1942 at Tirat Zvi kibbutz in the northern Jordan river valley.[149]

From May to September, rain in Israel is rare.[150]supsupsupsup

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